4 Varieties of English You Have Never Realized Before!

English as lingua franca has been spoken in many countries. Some countries consider English as a foreign language while the others may see it as the second language. Every country exactly has different accent and pronunciation whenever it deals with language.

Since it sounds different from the native English speakers, you may claim those people are wrong in pronouncing and speaking. However, it is not about mispronouncing; it is because of the varieties of English. You may have ever heard about Singaporean English, American English, British English, or Australian English.

Among the varieties mentioned above, have you ever thought the other varieties which are possible and valid in certain countries?

After reading this article, you may seek to learn one of those varieties and it can be fun and enjoyable, Let’s check it out!

1. Hong Kong English

Hong Kong English is spoken by 2.88M people in Hong Kong. It is the combination between Hong Kong’s british oversea territory history and native Cantonese speakers.

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What makes this variety different from the usual English is the sentence structure used such as omitting articles “a” and “the”, interchangeable use of preposition, and the plural forms. Factually, most of the structures in this varieties are shortened such as “I wait you in the station” instead of “I wait for you in the station” and the use of vocabularies is interchangeable such as “I hear the music” instead of “I listen to the music”

2. Canadian English

Canadian English is used by 19.4 million Canadian people. It is the result of British English and American English. Based on some systematic studies, English in Canada connects with the varieties around the world known as “General American”

The specifications of this variety are distinctively known through composition, speech, and vocabulary. In composition, the term “as well” is commonly used by canadian. For the speech, they prefer using intransitive verb although the verbs are transitive such as “finished something” instead of “finished with something”. In vocabulary, they are commonly found to share the vocabularies with American English and it makes new meaning. For example general time off work as the meaning of vacation (American) and holiday (British)

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3. New Zealand English

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This variety is spoken by New Zealanders who are English speakers. It is found by the colonists in the 19th century. It is the combination of several varieties of English such as Australian English, Irish English, and Scottish English.

This variety adopts vocabularies from Australian, British, and American English. However, New Zealanders have unique phrases derived in New Zealand such as Aussie (Australia) and good as gold (All is well).

4. Jamaican English

This kind of English is used in Jamaica. It has similar dialect with British and American English, but the spellings are identic with British. The grammatical of Jamaican English is the same structure used in British since Jamaican are imperialized by British. Even British is also taught there.

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The vocabularies are influenced by American English. However, Jamaican English itself has their own words which are called “Jamaican Patois” such as duppy/ghost and vendor/hawker.

Among those types, which one is your favorite? Do not get confused with the original one and keep learning!

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These Simple Factors Are Less Considered by Some People in Learning English

“Can I start learning English through imitating native speakers?” “Should I study abroad so that I can speak English as well as native speakers?” Have you ever heard those kinds of question? If so, you must be confused when you want to learn English.

Learning English is not about imitation or travel abroad. It is related to the some factors which influence the understanding about English. The factors are quite common, and I guarantee that most of the readers have known it. The factors are the four language skills which are:

Listening

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Listening is an activity to receive and convey the meaning of information got through audio devices or verbal interaction. It is categorized as receptive skill since the activity is about receiving the data. It is the lowest part which build the understanding of certain information. It is essential and must be trained because it influences the other skills such as speaking, reading and writing.

Learning English through listening is a good start because it helps you to know how native English speakers communicate with each other. Besides that, you can know the words pronounced by the speakers.

Speaking

Speaking is an activity which involves two or more people to talk about certain topics. It is interconnected with listening and reading. In contrast to listening skill, speaking is categorized as productive skill because it produces speeches.

It is also an important part in learning English because whenever you are able to speak, you can express your ideas and opinion.

It sometimes becomes a problem for learners because the activity involves performance and self-esteem. Regarding to the situation, learners may be embarrassed to speak English. Although speaking deals with performance, it does not mean that you can not speak freely! Be confident!

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Reading

Reading is an activity to seek and comprehend the information which exists in the form of texts. It is influenced by listening and speaking. It is considered as receptive skill since it has the similar purpose like listening skill.

This skill is then connected to language elements such as vocabulary and pronunciation. Since it is connected with the elements, it needs to be developed properly through practice. If learners can not read, there will have difficulties in conveying information and pronouncing words written.

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Learners, especially the young ones usually have difficulties in reading, and it makes them mispronounce the certain words or incorrectly comprehend the story which is quite long.

Writing

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The last but not least is writing skill. Writing is an activity which involves sensory motor skills to produce words and sentences non verbally. It is a productive skill which also needs regular practice besides the three skills mentioned before.

It affects grammar as the language element. Why? Because both writing and grammar deal with construction of words and sentences.

It is a problem for the learners while learning English because they are still confused of spelling.

Those language skills must be developed whenever people want to learn English. The skills are not just skills because it is connected to each other. After reading this article, are you still confused to start learning English? Learning English needs confidence, patience, and motivation, so do not be shy to try and practice! Be optimistic!