[Vocabulary] Collocation (Word Partners)

Hi everyone! I hope that all of you are fine. I have seeked for inspiration for the posts in this blog for a long time. Then, I find collocation as a good material for vocabulary.

I am very sure that most of you have ever learned about collocation. In today’s vocabulary section, I will explain about collocation including the example. There are about 3 sub categories that I am going to discuss here. Let’s check it out!

1. The Definition of Collocation

Collocation is known as word partners. It means that these words come together and it forms meaningful phrases. It is not randomly matched. 

For example:

  • I make a mistake 
  • He caught a cold
  • She does not tell a truth

As you can see from the example above, the words stick together and form clear meanings. Once we drop some parts of the words, the meanings are totally not the same anymore or incomplete such as make… or ….cold.

2. The Kinds

There are three kinds of collocation such as:

  • Verb + noun

Example: start a family, tell a story, take a nap, miss a person, have an argument, make a decision, tell a story, run a company,etc.

  • Adjective + noun

Example: soft drink, great success, heavy traffic, a loud voice, wet weather, heavy rain, hard work, etc.

  • Adverb + adjective

Example: vitally important, fully awake, terribly sorry, extremely wonderful, slightly higherm, etc. 

3. Collocation in dictionaries

For further information, you can look forward the other kinds of collocation in the dictionaries. Usually, the collocations are found to be written in bold or italics. It is written after the meaning of certain words.

Thank you for reading and visiting, I will always try to inform useful information through articles and posts. I am sorry if you wait for too long. Good luck for your success, readers! 

It is such a pleasure for me to share my knowledge for you ๐Ÿ˜€

[Writing] How to Write Narrative Text

Hi everybody! How is it going? I hope you are all fine. For this time, I will discuss about writing with Narrative Text as the material. 

What comes on your mind when you hear about Narrative text? Fictional? Imaginative? I am sure that some of you may think of what I have mentioned before. It is true that Narrative is something which is fictional or imaginative. There are four sub topics which I am going to discuss below. The sub topics are the definition, the function, generic structure,  and language feature.

1. What is Narrative Text?

Narrative text is a text which talk about imaginative story. The story can be in a form of fairy tales or unusual story. You can determine that the text is Narrative when the story is completely out of reality and the characters are imaginative such as fairy, witch, or dwarves.

2. The Function

The function of Narrative is to entertain the readers. Why? Because the contents of Narrative tends to be unreal and unusual. Since its function is to entertain, you may find it to be relaxing to read. 

Besides entertaining, Narrative invites the readers to imagine more based on the story. It makes the readers predict the next problem occurred. 

3. Generic Structure

There are four parts of generic structure in Narrative text such as:

  • Orientation: this part deals with the introduction of the characters and setting. It tells about the opening of the story.
  • Complication: it is about the problems which are faced by the main characters. The causes of the problem are included here
  • Resolution: resolution is about the solution based on the problems in the complication part. It can be called as problem solving part. 
  • Re-orientation: this is about the ending of the story. Moral values can be added in this part. 

4. Language Feature

The language feature used here is Simple Past Tense and conjunction such as once upon a time, however, finally, later, etc. 

If you forget about Simple Past Tense, you can check the explanation in the previous section. 

Thank you for visiting and reading my post readers ๐Ÿ˜€. I know I do not always upadate it since I need to find inspiration. That is why I post it lately. Do not forget to like or respond this post through comments. Thank you once again!!

[College & Teachers] Techniques to Have Your Students Improve Their Reading Skillsย 

Hi readers and visitors! Thank you for being loyal to wait for the posts in this blog. As the owner, I am really sorry for you if the posts are not regularly updated. 

In this time, I will continue the section for college and teachers. This section is to help students in the college, especially the ones who study at teacher training faculty teach reading to the students. Besides that, this section can help the teachers who look for the right tecniques in teaching reading. 

All right, I am sure all of you have ever heard about some techniques for teaching reading. The techniques have their own strengths and weaknesses, and not all of them can maximally improve the students’ reading skill. In this post, there are some techniques which can be used in maximally improving reading skill. 

1. Jigsaw

The first technique to have your students read is jigsaw. There are two kinds of jigsaw which are jigsaw 1 and jigsaw 2. Both of them are closely similar. What makes them different is the division system of reading text. In jigsaw 1, there will be 4 people in each group, and they get paragraphs which are labeled as A-B-C-D. In contrast with the first jigsaw, jigsaw 2 divides the reading texts into numbers, 1-2-3-4. 

2. Think-Pair-Share

Think-Pair-Share is also a technique to improve your students’ reading skill. It contains three steps which encourage your students to brainstorm about the reading passages of certain topic.

This technique is quite simple and flexible because it can be used for students at any age. 

3. One stay, Two stray

Another technique besides the previous ones is One stay, Two stray. This technique is not often used by the teachers, but it is quite enjoyable. 

This tecnique allows your students to exchange information among groups. The additional advantage of using this technique is your students can enhance their critical thinking towards the information given. If you want to use this technique, make sure that you form four-member groups because the bigger groups will not be effective, and it causes noises in the class. 

4. Think-Pair-Square

This technique is a bit similar to Think-Pair-Share. The difference of both techniques is on the form of the groups. In Think-Pair-Share, students can choose their own partners and exchange their opinions about the reading passage while Think-Pair-Square itself allows the students do the same thing, but the students who are paired together must form square sitting position, two students face the other twos. 

5. Numbered heads together

This tecnique can also be the alternative option to have your students read effectively. Why? Because through this technique, students can share their opinions with the groups’ member. They can also work and finish the exercises together. It involves team work skill and speaking skill. 

Those techniques can be used in your class based on the avaibility of the time. Make sure that you have known the steps to do it since clear instructions are the key to make the conducive teaching-learning activities. 
Thank you for reading and visiting. If you have any questions, you are allowed to ask ๐Ÿ˜€

Leave a comment if you have your own thoughts towards this post. Thank you once again *bow

[Grammar] Simple Past Tense

Hi guys! It’s nice to see you here. For today, I will discuss Simple Past Tense since last time in the grammar section, we had understood about Simple Present and Present continuous. 

Before I go to to the main explanation of Simple Past, I want you to think about everything which is all about past event. The example of past events which are quite common are historical event and holiday or vacation you had ever done. 

What is Simple Past?

Through the opening that I did in the previous paragraph, I am sure that all of you will totally understand that Simple Past is a kind of tense used to talk about events in the past. Got it? All right, this concept must be known first if you want to master Simple Past as well. Why should it be? Because most people are confused between the use of Simple Present and Simple Past. 

Before you want to use Simple Present or Simple Past, you have to know about the concept instead of pattern. Make sure you absorb the ideas and differentiate the differences between Simple Present and Simple Past.

Pattern

The pattern of simple past is:

(+) Subject + Verb 2 

Example: I slept at 9 pm last night.

(-) Subject + did + not + V1

Example: He did not brush his teeth.
  

(?) Did + subject + V1

Example: Did you visit your grandma?

Time Signal

– Last….

– Yesterday

– …… ago

– in 1960/any year

Note to remember

There are two kinds of verb in simple past which are regular verb and irregular verb. Regular verb is the change of the verb from basic form into the past participle form in the regular manner. It means that the change is indicated with the end of -ed/d based on the spelling of the verbs

Example: 

Wash-washed

Watch-watched

Walk-walked

Push-pushed

Press-pressed

Listen-listened

Continue-continued

While for irregular verb, the changes of the verbs from the basic into the second one are quite significant. It is changed differently from the basic.

Example:

Hear-heard

Give-gave

Ride-rode

Break-broke

Write-wrote

Think-thought

Etc.

I hope that this post really helps you all. Do not hesitate to ask some questions or share your thoughts about this post. Thank you for reading and visiting ๐Ÿ˜

Be dilligent, be smart learners

Find Out Why English Is Important in Many Different Fields!

Hello guyss ๐Ÿ˜€, I hope you all are still loyal to read and visit this blog although the posta here are not updated every day. For today’s topic, I am going to discuss about the reason why English is important in many different fields. 

In the past, English were not really seen as an aspect which wass important in many fields such as education, culture or trades. However, In this global era, many companies and institution decide that their employees must be able to communicate in English. As we can see in some job vacancies, the companies will mention about the capability to speak and write in English. With the short description about, this post will find out why English is important in many different fields. 

1. International Language

This first reason has been known by most people. English is spoken internationally and many people understand it although they do not use it formally.

Since it is spoken in most foreign countries, it becomes one of the requirements for jobs, travels or everything which involves foreign country. People need to master English to ease their communication with other countries’ citizens.

So, do you still think that English is needed in particular field?

2. A Tool to Introduce Other Cultures

English as the helper in communication is also a tool to introduce other cultures accross country. This is felt by English learners who learn to master English as well as they are able to.

Don’t you realize that English makes you know other countries’ cultures? I personally feel it because while learning in the university, I learn many foreign cultures such as Saint Patrick’s Day, Helloween, and Thanksgiving Day. Besides that, you can introduce your own cultures so that other citizens can understand it. 

Learning English can be good start for you who want to know about cultures of some countries. 

3. International Relationship

Besides as the tool to introduce cultures, English can strengthen International relationship. It makes communication among citizen clear and concise. 

International relationship can be about politics, trades, or cooperative project from one country with the others. That is why embassies which try to recruit employees make English as a ‘must’ subject that should be mastered.

4. Education Measurement

Why English is important in many different fields is because it has been a standard that must be fullfilled, especially in education field. 

English can be a measurement for education since the curriculums of certain schools are based on the international standard such as Cambridge and Oxford. It usually occurs in non English-speaking countries such as Indonesia, China, Japan, and Korea.

I hope this post can help and motivate you to master English more. I am sorry for late update due to the inspiration seeking.

Do comment or like if you have another opinion about this post ๐Ÿ˜€๐Ÿ˜, thank you very much

[Vocabulary] Classroom Language

Hello guys ๐Ÿ˜, thank you for visiting and reading my blog. For today’s topic, I will discuss about classroom language. There are two sub categories which are classroom activities and questions asked when studying in the classroom. 

1. Classroom activities

Activities in the classroom are usually found to be related with knowledge, examination, or remove words which are wrong according to the teacher. The activities done in the classroom are:

  • Look up: find out the meaning in dictionary. 

Example: If you are confused, you are allowed to look  up the difficult words.

  • Borrow: use things and return it. 

Example: You can  borrow my pencil if you don’t have one. 

  • Rub out: erase or remove mistakes using rubber. 

Example: Your spelling is wrong, please rub out and fix it.

  • Plug in: put the plug in the socket and turn on the electricity. 

Example: To type your task, you need to plug in the computer.

  • Turn up: increase the volume. 

Example: To listen more clearly, you must turn up the recorder. 

  • Rub st off: remove writing from the board. 

Example: Rub your awkward drawing off, it’s ugly. 

  • Correct: provide the correction based on the mistakes made. 

Example: Let me correct your spellings.

  • Clean: remove the writings from the board. 

Example: Clean the board, please? 

  • Write st down: write sentences or words in the notebook. 

Example: Write your answers down clearly. 

  • Swap: exhange places/works. 

Example: Please swap your own works with your team mates. 

  • Repeat: say words or sentences again.

Example: Repeat after me, please

2. Forming questions

What does it mean? (โœ…)

What means it? (โŒ)

How do you pronounce it? 

How do you spell ‘rainbow’?

How do you use ‘to be’ in the sentences?

What is the difference between question mark and question tag? 
I hope this post is useful for you all. Do not hesitate to leave comment or ask me. Everybody’s opinion are welcomed here ๐Ÿ˜€

Thank you for your responses and visit ๐Ÿ˜‰

These Tools May Help You to Practice Vocabulary

What’s Up everybody ๐Ÿ˜, in this section I will talk about tools which can help learners practice vocabulary. It will also make the learners know new vocabularies. 

Why do I post this? Because many people have difficulties in conveying the meaning of vocabulary. Mostly, it is found that some people speak or write the same vocabularies in creating paragraphs, and it is exactly inefficient. 

There are some tools which can help in practicing vocabulary, so do not skip this post if you want to know more about vocabulary!

1. Novels & Poems

Cr:johns hopkinsuniversity

You might have thought about reading when it is about novels and poems. Well, your guess are totally correct. By reading novels or poems, you can practice vocabularies you have understood. Beside that you will absorb the new words. These tools are very advantagous because you are entertained with the story and provided with new vocabularies. It is simple and fun, just try it!
2. Movies

Cr: DC

Movies can be a tool to improve your English vocabulary. With movies, you are able to absorb new words and how native English speakers speak. 

You may choose any genres of movies based on your preference. It is enjoyable and fun. You get entertained while learning, so why not try it? 

3. Games

Cr: PC Richard

Games are common tools to learn vocabulary. There are two kinds of games which are online and offline games. Both of the games can enhance your vocabulary. 

Why? Because through games, especially the online one with story, you are able to practice your vocabulary and understand new words. While for offline games such as scrabble, you are able to invent new words which you never know. 

4. Song

Song is also a tool to learn vocabulary. People who often listen to songs may be able to know the meaning of the songs because English songs contain vocabularies which are either easy or difficult. However, the words in the songs are usually found to be understandable and simple. 

Cr: Pinterest

Among those tools, which one is your most favourite? I hope this post helps you all

Thank you for reading and visiting ๐Ÿ˜€

[Vocabulary] Part of Speech

Hello everybody ๐Ÿ˜€, I am very glad to see you all here. First of all before I share about Part of Speech as vocabulary material, I want to say sorry fot being inactive for few days because of personal problems that make me unable to share something.

All right, for today’s topic, I want to talk about Part of Speech. What is it? It is words which is usually used in the English sentences. It is classified into several categories which are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, pronouns, and articles.

1. Nounsย 

Noun is a part of speech which label things or set of things. Nouns can be concrete or abstract.

Example: table, bed, ideas, information, happiness, arrival, etc.

Concrete nouns are nouns which can be seen and touched

Example: door, broom, brush, apple, chair, fan, computer, etc.

In contrast to concrete noun, abstract nouns are nouns which consist of ideas, concept or knowledge.

Example: information, facts, etc

2. Verbs

Verbs are words which tell about action or an act of doing something.

Example: read, speak, walk, run, drive, cut, etc.

Verbs are classified into eight categories which are action verbs, transitive verbs, intransitive verbs, auxilliary verbs, stative verbs, modal verbs, phrasal verbs, and irregular verbs.

Those categories of verb will be discussed in the upcoming posts and it has relation with grammar and vocabulary.

3. Adjectives

Adjectives are words which describe the condition and characteristics of noun. It usually modifies nound. It also provides some information about noun itself.

Example: beautiful, friendly, gentle, lucky, fair, responsible, etc.

4 Adverbs

Adverbs are words which modifies noun, ย adjective, and adverb. It is often found with the end of –ly in the words.

Example: extremely, seriously, carelessly, deeply, gently, etc.

5. Prepositions

Prepositions are simply understood as words which relates nouns with the other parts of speech such as prounouns and nouns.

Example: of, in, at, on, by, for, with, above, up, under, accross, etc.

There are two kinds of preposition which are known as time preposition and place preposition.

Time preposition indicates the time such as at 7.00AM, for 2 hours, before 15 minutes.ย 

Place preposition indicates the place of where things are put.

Example: on the table, under the tree, outside the house.

6. Pronouns

Pronouns are words which replace nouns.

Example: I, we, you, they, he, she, it, mine, etc.

Pronouns are classified into several categories which are personal pronouns, reflexive pronouns, ย possessive pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, and interrogative pronouns.

Those categories will be explained in the upcoming posts.

7. Articles

Articles are words which indicate the type of reference which is made by noun.
Example: the, this, that, these, those.

There are two kinds of article which are definite and indefinite. Those categories will be explained in the upcoming posts.
I hope this post helps you all. Thank you for reading, and do not forget to leave your ideas through comments or likes ๐Ÿ˜€, thank you very much readers!

[College & Teachers] Tips for Developing Your Lesson Plan!

Lesson Plan is a mind map which contains lessons and techniques used by teachers. It is created before teaching. It becomes important because teacher can enhance the students’ ability through it. Moreover, teachers are able to calculated the time in learning and teaching.

A good lesson plan will bring good effects to the lesson given to the students. Whenever it is not well-developed, the students will not be able to absorb the materials maximally. Creating lesson plan can be confusing for some teachers and students of Education Faculty, especially when the lessons must be divided into themes for around two until three meetings. Troublesome lesson plans will be burdens for students of Education Faculty when doing teaching simulation

In this article, there will be several tips which you can try in order to create lesson plans. I hope it really helps you!

1. Skills vs Themes

In everyday situation, we may see some teachers are confused in deciding skills and the themes. Factually, you should not get confused of those two things.

As your first start, you can see the textbook of the students. After that, you can choose among four language skills. For example, you choose speaking, then you can decide the kinds of activity to improve speaking skills. Once you have the ideas, it will be easier to decide the themes, but make sure that you choose proper themes which are suitable for the students’ age.

2. Achievement Indicator

Achievement indicator is goals which you want your students to master. It is the most important part in creating lesson plan because you can guarantee the results after following your lesson.

This part must be relevant with the skills chosen. While deciding indicators, you have to arrange it neatly. You can use specific words such as determine, identify, etc.

3. Types of activity

This part will connect to scaffolding and worksheets or practice given. It must be mention in your lesson plan so that it can be clear.

Do not forget to look back to the indicators while choosing the activities. Since you have decided what skills your students must master, it must be relevant and interconnected.

4. Media

When you have decided skills, themes, indicators, and activity, you should know what kinds of media you will use when teaching.

Including media in your lesson plan will help you in preparing the lesson. You will be not disappointed whenever you have determined media in teaching.

5. Techniques

Techniques are about how you deliver the materials to the students. It helps your students to learn and understand the materials. This part must be carefully decided because once you use wrong techniques, it will affect to goals or indicators.

Techniques used in teaching must be included in order to achieve the goals decided. The techniques you have chosen may not be fully used according to the situation and condition since there will be some possibilities such as the absence of a student or noises

6. Sources

The last part is sources where you get materials. Materials from internet or any references books are not fully developed from you, so you must include the sources.

Usually, sources are included when it is about worksheets, videos, or techniques.

Thank you for reading ๐Ÿ˜€, do not forget to leave comment if you feel that this post is not totally acceptable. Feel free to express your opinion.

I am sorry for late update ~

[Grammar] Present Continuous Tense

What’s up everybody! It is nice to see you all here. My today’s post is about Present Continuous Tense. I know you all have learned and heard about this a couple of times, but this is important to be learned. Why? Because people often get confused between Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense.

I hope this article will help all of you who are still confused about Present Continuous Tense.

What is Present Continuous Tense?

Present Continuous Tense is a tense which is used to tell about event that:

  • Happen continuously
  • Occur only at this time
  • Occur in the future

Example:

  • I am sitting on the sofa.
  • He is going to have final tests.
  • She is preparing a presentation at this moment.

Pattern

(+) Subject + to be + V-ing

(-) Subject + to be + not + V-ing

(?) To be + Subject + V-ing

Notes:ย 

(+) Positive Sentence

(-) Negative Sentence

(?) Interrogative Sentence

Example:

(+) I am reading a newspaper right now.

(-) I am not reading a newspaper right now.

(?) Am I reading a newspaper right now?

Subject + to be

I – am

We, You, They – are

He, She, it – is

Time Signal

  • Now
  • Right now
  • At the moment
  • Look! / Listen!
  • Always

Extra examples:

  • Look! The thieves are trying to sneak into the house.
  • She is always working hard.
  • I am sweeping the floor now.

Is it clear for you, readers? Do not hesitate to ask or leave comments. Thank you ๐Ÿ˜