[Vocabulary] Collocation (Word Partners)

Hi everyone! I hope that all of you are fine. I have seeked for inspiration for the posts in this blog for a long time. Then, I find collocation as a good material for vocabulary.

I am very sure that most of you have ever learned about collocation. In today’s vocabulary section, I will explain about collocation including the example. There are about 3 sub categories that I am going to discuss here. Let’s check it out!

1. The Definition of Collocation

Collocation is known as word partners. It means that these words come together and it forms meaningful phrases. It is not randomly matched. 

For example:

  • I make a mistake 
  • He caught a cold
  • She does not tell a truth

As you can see from the example above, the words stick together and form clear meanings. Once we drop some parts of the words, the meanings are totally not the same anymore or incomplete such as make… or ….cold.

2. The Kinds

There are three kinds of collocation such as:

  • Verb + noun

Example: start a family, tell a story, take a nap, miss a person, have an argument, make a decision, tell a story, run a company,etc.

  • Adjective + noun

Example: soft drink, great success, heavy traffic, a loud voice, wet weather, heavy rain, hard work, etc.

  • Adverb + adjective

Example: vitally important, fully awake, terribly sorry, extremely wonderful, slightly higherm, etc. 

3. Collocation in dictionaries

For further information, you can look forward the other kinds of collocation in the dictionaries. Usually, the collocations are found to be written in bold or italics. It is written after the meaning of certain words.

Thank you for reading and visiting, I will always try to inform useful information through articles and posts. I am sorry if you wait for too long. Good luck for your success, readers! 

It is such a pleasure for me to share my knowledge for you 😀

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[Writing] How to Write Narrative Text

Hi everybody! How is it going? I hope you are all fine. For this time, I will discuss about writing with Narrative Text as the material. 

What comes on your mind when you hear about Narrative text? Fictional? Imaginative? I am sure that some of you may think of what I have mentioned before. It is true that Narrative is something which is fictional or imaginative. There are four sub topics which I am going to discuss below. The sub topics are the definition, the function, generic structure,  and language feature.

1. What is Narrative Text?

Narrative text is a text which talk about imaginative story. The story can be in a form of fairy tales or unusual story. You can determine that the text is Narrative when the story is completely out of reality and the characters are imaginative such as fairy, witch, or dwarves.

2. The Function

The function of Narrative is to entertain the readers. Why? Because the contents of Narrative tends to be unreal and unusual. Since its function is to entertain, you may find it to be relaxing to read. 

Besides entertaining, Narrative invites the readers to imagine more based on the story. It makes the readers predict the next problem occurred. 

3. Generic Structure

There are four parts of generic structure in Narrative text such as:

  • Orientation: this part deals with the introduction of the characters and setting. It tells about the opening of the story.
  • Complication: it is about the problems which are faced by the main characters. The causes of the problem are included here
  • Resolution: resolution is about the solution based on the problems in the complication part. It can be called as problem solving part. 
  • Re-orientation: this is about the ending of the story. Moral values can be added in this part. 

4. Language Feature

The language feature used here is Simple Past Tense and conjunction such as once upon a time, however, finally, later, etc. 

If you forget about Simple Past Tense, you can check the explanation in the previous section. 

Thank you for visiting and reading my post readers 😀. I know I do not always upadate it since I need to find inspiration. That is why I post it lately. Do not forget to like or respond this post through comments. Thank you once again!!

[College & Teachers] Techniques to Have Your Students Improve Their Reading Skills 

Hi readers and visitors! Thank you for being loyal to wait for the posts in this blog. As the owner, I am really sorry for you if the posts are not regularly updated. 

In this time, I will continue the section for college and teachers. This section is to help students in the college, especially the ones who study at teacher training faculty teach reading to the students. Besides that, this section can help the teachers who look for the right tecniques in teaching reading. 

All right, I am sure all of you have ever heard about some techniques for teaching reading. The techniques have their own strengths and weaknesses, and not all of them can maximally improve the students’ reading skill. In this post, there are some techniques which can be used in maximally improving reading skill. 

1. Jigsaw

The first technique to have your students read is jigsaw. There are two kinds of jigsaw which are jigsaw 1 and jigsaw 2. Both of them are closely similar. What makes them different is the division system of reading text. In jigsaw 1, there will be 4 people in each group, and they get paragraphs which are labeled as A-B-C-D. In contrast with the first jigsaw, jigsaw 2 divides the reading texts into numbers, 1-2-3-4. 

2. Think-Pair-Share

Think-Pair-Share is also a technique to improve your students’ reading skill. It contains three steps which encourage your students to brainstorm about the reading passages of certain topic.

This technique is quite simple and flexible because it can be used for students at any age. 

3. One stay, Two stray

Another technique besides the previous ones is One stay, Two stray. This technique is not often used by the teachers, but it is quite enjoyable. 

This tecnique allows your students to exchange information among groups. The additional advantage of using this technique is your students can enhance their critical thinking towards the information given. If you want to use this technique, make sure that you form four-member groups because the bigger groups will not be effective, and it causes noises in the class. 

4. Think-Pair-Square

This technique is a bit similar to Think-Pair-Share. The difference of both techniques is on the form of the groups. In Think-Pair-Share, students can choose their own partners and exchange their opinions about the reading passage while Think-Pair-Square itself allows the students do the same thing, but the students who are paired together must form square sitting position, two students face the other twos. 

5. Numbered heads together

This tecnique can also be the alternative option to have your students read effectively. Why? Because through this technique, students can share their opinions with the groups’ member. They can also work and finish the exercises together. It involves team work skill and speaking skill. 

Those techniques can be used in your class based on the avaibility of the time. Make sure that you have known the steps to do it since clear instructions are the key to make the conducive teaching-learning activities. 
Thank you for reading and visiting. If you have any questions, you are allowed to ask 😀

Leave a comment if you have your own thoughts towards this post. Thank you once again *bow

[Grammar] Simple Past Tense

Hi guys! It’s nice to see you here. For today, I will discuss Simple Past Tense since last time in the grammar section, we had understood about Simple Present and Present continuous. 

Before I go to to the main explanation of Simple Past, I want you to think about everything which is all about past event. The example of past events which are quite common are historical event and holiday or vacation you had ever done. 

What is Simple Past?

Through the opening that I did in the previous paragraph, I am sure that all of you will totally understand that Simple Past is a kind of tense used to talk about events in the past. Got it? All right, this concept must be known first if you want to master Simple Past as well. Why should it be? Because most people are confused between the use of Simple Present and Simple Past. 

Before you want to use Simple Present or Simple Past, you have to know about the concept instead of pattern. Make sure you absorb the ideas and differentiate the differences between Simple Present and Simple Past.

Pattern

The pattern of simple past is:

(+) Subject + Verb 2 

Example: I slept at 9 pm last night.

(-) Subject + did + not + V1

Example: He did not brush his teeth.
  

(?) Did + subject + V1

Example: Did you visit your grandma?

Time Signal

– Last….

– Yesterday

– …… ago

– in 1960/any year

Note to remember

There are two kinds of verb in simple past which are regular verb and irregular verb. Regular verb is the change of the verb from basic form into the past participle form in the regular manner. It means that the change is indicated with the end of -ed/d based on the spelling of the verbs

Example: 

Wash-washed

Watch-watched

Walk-walked

Push-pushed

Press-pressed

Listen-listened

Continue-continued

While for irregular verb, the changes of the verbs from the basic into the second one are quite significant. It is changed differently from the basic.

Example:

Hear-heard

Give-gave

Ride-rode

Break-broke

Write-wrote

Think-thought

Etc.

I hope that this post really helps you all. Do not hesitate to ask some questions or share your thoughts about this post. Thank you for reading and visiting 😁

Be dilligent, be smart learners