“Can I start learning English through imitating native speakers?” “Should I study abroad so that I can speak English as well as native speakers?” Have you ever heard those kinds of question? If so, you must be confused when you want to learn English.
Learning English is not about imitation or travel abroad. It is related to the some factors which influence the understanding about English. The factors are quite common, and I guarantee that most of the readers have known it. The factors are the four language skills which are:
Listening is an activity to receive and convey the meaning of information got through audio devices or verbal interaction. It is categorized as receptive skill since the activity is about receiving the data. It is the lowest part which build the understanding of certain information. It is essential and must be trained because it influences the other skills such as speaking, reading and writing.
Learning English through listening is a good start because it helps you to know how native English speakers communicate with each other. Besides that, you can know the words pronounced by the speakers.
Speaking is an activity which involves two or more people to talk about certain topics. It is interconnected with listening and reading. In contrast to listening skill, speaking is categorized as productive skill because it produces speeches.
It is also an important part in learning English because whenever you are able to speak, you can express your ideas and opinion.
It sometimes becomes a problem for learners because the activity involves performance and self-esteem. Regarding to the situation, learners may be embarrassed to speak English. Although speaking deals with performance, it does not mean that you can not speak freely! Be confident!
Reading is an activity to seek and comprehend the information which exists in the form of texts. It is influenced by listening and speaking. It is considered as receptive skill since it has the similar purpose like listening skill.
This skill is then connected to language elements such as vocabulary and pronunciation. Since it is connected with the elements, it needs to be developed properly through practice. If learners can not read, there will have difficulties in conveying information and pronouncing words written.
Learners, especially the young ones usually have difficulties in reading, and it makes them mispronounce the certain words or incorrectly comprehend the story which is quite long.
The last but not least is writing skill. Writing is an activity which involves sensory motor skills to produce words and sentences non verbally. It is a productive skill which also needs regular practice besides the three skills mentioned before.
It affects grammar as the language element. Why? Because both writing and grammar deal with construction of words and sentences.
It is a problem for the learners while learning English because they are still confused of spelling.
Those language skills must be developed whenever people want to learn English. The skills are not just skills because it is connected to each other. After reading this article, are you still confused to start learning English? Learning English needs confidence, patience, and motivation, so do not be shy to try and practice! Be optimistic!